Two surveys were conducted, on the state of art and qualitative and quantitative data on the representation and participation of women from Algeria and the Mediterranean area in public administration and their involvement in civil society development processes. In particular, the surveys focused on the role and presence of women, the nature of their involvement, the issues related to access, the origins and evolution of the situation in recent decades and the recommendations for the implementation of objectives of gender equality.

The survey intends to provide a summary of the current state of play in gender inequality in the Mediterranean Region. Particular focus was placed on the current nature of women’s leadership in Mediterranean societies. More specifically, the survey aims in compiling available information regarding women occupying managerial positions, and their distribution, expectations, and barriers in the workplace compared to their male counterparts.

The survey provides three main types of data: First, a selection of existing statistics drawn from both national and international databases such as statistical offices, ministerial websites, OECD, the World Bank, and the UN (see the references section for a complete list), on women’s distribution in education and in the job market; second, a summary of some of the sociological contributions to the study of gender inequality which were considered most relevant to the present work; finally, the paper presents original data collected directly by the authors by means of a qualitative study in Algiers and Palermo.

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